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Video Asks “Who Invented Alcohol?” We Have An Answer.

Trace the 7,000 year old history of alcohol, from its first known origins in China to cultures all over the world fermenting their own drinks.

Nobody knows exactly when humans began to create fermented beverages. The earliest known evidence comes from 7,000 BCE in China, where residue in clay pots has revealed that people were making an alcoholic beverage from fermented rice, millet, grapes, and honey. So how did alcohol come to fuel global trade and exploration?

Our First (And Hopefully Last) Post On Impeachment.

We haven’t written anything on the House hearings on the impeachment of President Donald Trump. That has been a conscience decision on our part.

Whether you believe that Trump should be impeached or not, we would hope that no one can agree with what happened here:

The sordid history, impeachment and removal from the bench of Alcee L. Hastings can be found on the pages of the US Senate history site:

Cape Canaveral, Cocoa Beach, Satellite Beach: “Here are more than 300 bases with possible toxic ‘forever chemical’ contamination.”

Interesting news from the world of military PFAS use.

Hundreds of military installations have either known or likely water contamination caused by runoff from firefighting foam used in response to vehicle and aircraft accidents, according to the Environmental Working Group.

Using Defense Department data, the organization built an interactive map of 305 sites, which are found in all 50 states. Each map dot opens up to information and links on perfluorooctane sulfonate or perfluorooctanoic acid, known as PFAS.

“Of these sites, 138 have not been previously identified on EWG’s map of known PFAS contamination at military bases, civilian airports and industrial sites,” according to a Tuesday new release. “In addition, 42 of these sites were not included on a list of 401 locations the Pentagon gave to Congress of active and former installations where PFAS contamination was known or suspected.” (emphasis on the interactive map link ours)

There are, of course, two installations on the map that are in our area – Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and Patrick Air Force Base.

Florida Representative Matt Gaetz: “You actually can impeach a former President, FWIW”

Matt Gaetz is a Republican representing the 1 District of Florida to the US House of Representatives.

A few days ago, Representative Gaetz tweeted this:

If you are like us, your reaction is “how is that possible?”

Keith Wittington over at the Volkh Conspiracy talks about it:

Dec. 7, 1941 – A Date Which Will Live in Infamy.

Today is the 78th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan which launched the US into World War II. On December 8, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeared before Congress and gave the following speech, in which he termed December 7 as a “date which will live in infamy.”

The speech is worth reading and remembering as this was the call by the president to enter a global conflict which by its end will have cost the lives of some 80 million people world wide, including some 418,500 American citizens.

We should never forget.

Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives:

Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 — a date which will live in infamy — the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.

The First Amendment And Government Property: Free Speech Rules

Part of a continuing series:

The five rules of the First Amendment and Government Property

Rule 1: A few forms of government property are treated as so-called “traditional public forums.” There, the government generally can’t exclude speech based on its content.

The classic examples are sidewalks and parks, as well as streets used for parades. Unless speech falls within one of the narrow First Amendment exceptions, the government can’t restrict it. Such places are technically government property; but that gives the government no extra authority to control such speech.

Certificate Of Need?

We have to be honest, we had never heard of this one before.


John Stossel points out that in 35 states, laws block new businesses from operating unless they get their competitors’ permission. One such law prevents Phillip Truesdell from operating ambulances in Kentucky.

“You’re going to tell me that I’m not fit to work in your town?” he asks.

He and his daughter Hannah Howe run Legacy Medical Transport, an ambulance service, in Ohio.

When they tried to expand into Kentucky, which is just a few minutes away from them, they learned it would be illegal.

It’s illegal due to Certificate of Need laws, also called “CON” laws. In Kentucky and three other states, you have to get a Certificate of Need to run an ambulance service.

Truesdell doesn’t think this is right.

The Ten Rules Of Free Speech And College Students: Free Speech Rules.

This will catch us up on this series by UCLA First Amendment Professor Eugene Volokh.

Free Speech Rules: The Ten Rules of Free Speech and College Students Lots of recent free speech debates have come up at colleges.

Here are ten rules for how the freedom of speech applies to college students.

1. Students at public colleges may not be disciplined for their speech. (unless it falls into the narrow First Amendment exceptions such as true threats of criminal attack, or face-to-face personal insults that are likely to start a fight). That’s true even if the speech is seen as evil or offensive, whether racist, sexist, religiously bigoted, unpatriotic, supportive of crime, or whatever else. For instance, in Iota Xi v. George Mason University, a federal appeals court held that public university students can’t be disciplined for putting on an “ugly woman” skit at a fraternity event, in which one of the students was in blackface.

Is Money Speech?

This is part of a series from noted First Amendment Professor Eugene Volkh of UCLA.

Can the government restrict people’s ability to spend money on speech?

Here are the Four Rules of Free Speech and Money.

Rule 1: Generally, your right to speak includes the right to spend money to speak. The government can’t limit, for instance, a newspaper’s budget, even if it thinks newspapers have too much influence over elections and politicians. The government can’t stop the National Rifle Association or the Sierra Club from spending money to praise the candidates they like,and it can’t limit what other Americans spend, either.

Sometimes people frame the question as “Is money speech?” But that’s not right. Here’s an analogy: The Sixth Amendment protects criminal defendants’ right to hire a lawyer. Say the government said, “You can hire any lawyer you like, but you can’t pay them more than $1000” (It would be unfair, the theory goes, for rich people to hire better lawyers than poor people can.) That restriction would violate the Sixth Amendment—but not because “money is a lawyer.” but because the right to a lawyer includes the right to spend money on a lawyer.

Robots And Parkour.

We have written about Boston Dynamics and their family of robots before, but they have now release a bipedal robot performing “parkour” maneuvers.

While the roll and standing on its head is impressive, the jump and twist is extremely impressive when you think about the forces the robot has to compensate for in many directions.

It’s a fun video to watch, that is for sure.

Atlas uses its whole body — legs, arms, torso — to perform a sequence of dynamic maneuvers that form a gymnastic routine. We created the maneuvers using new techniques that streamline the development process.

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